Child support

In children’s services among Jewish spouses, the personal law, which is the source of Jewish law, obliges the father to feed his children up to the age of 6, and even up to the age of 15 is obligated to charity and the food also extends to the 18- and 21-year-olds. Additional reference to foods. Foods are divided into essential foods and foods from charity.

Today a revolution is taking place in the area of ​​child support, and the Supreme Court has introduced an innovative approach based on foods that are equal to ruling 919/15. This ruling applies to both parents with similar income and similar periods of time, so the father is not obligated to pay child support payments to the mother, as was customary until now, but the burden of child support is the same for every parent. , So basically there is no need to pay the other parent child support for minors. This ruling refers to minors over the age of 6, whereas under the age of 6, the previous halakhah is fulfilled, whereby the father is obligated to feed his children. The new ruling does not use the term that was accepted – the order of sight but a new term – temporary stay. The courts have begun to implement the law, but have encountered cases in which part of the age of minors under the age of 6 and part over the age of 6, in this case the new case law will apply only to children over the age of 6. The condition for applying the new ruling is temporary equalization for two weeks, Minors with mother and some with father.

For example, if the father’s small children on Sundays and Tuesdays and once every two weeks on weekends, within two weeks they are in the father 6/14, whereas in mother 8/14, this case will be considered as similar time, but not equal, In addition, if the parents’ income is not the same, the alimony calculation will take into account the income ratio, for example, the father’s income is NIS 10,000, and if the total income is 15,000, the total income will be 15,000.

In light of the new ruling, parents who did not take part in the marriage began actively to raise the children, to suddenly recall their children and to demand temporary equality, in order to avoid food. In this case, it is not enough to request equal time of stay, but rather to be an active partner in raising them. The height of the foods and the examination of the existence of the ruling and its derivatives arise from the arguments of the parents, the evidence, and sometimes from social workers who are examined before the court that the request for time is good faith and not ostensible.

The accepted law before the new ruling 919/15

Alimony is divided into 4 groups – children up to the age of 6 – only the father is obligated to pay, children between the ages of 6 and 15 – the father is charged with essential child food (food, clothing and clothing) regardless of his economic ability. In addition, the child must pay alimony from the charity, in equal distribution among the parents, but the woman is exempt if she is not an assessor .. Children 15-18 years of age are required to pay alimony according to the child’s parents’ income. Children in compulsory military service / national service – a third of the amount of the food that was paid before the service will be given.

Essential foods are basic needs of a child – food, education, clothing, medical needs and special needs.

For essential needs, the father is obliged to bear, without his financial ability or personal situation (the worker / unemployed / physically limited) the father to pay in full to cover the basic needs of the child.

“Essential” alimony, it is customary to rule between NIS 1,250 and NIS 1,350 a month without the need for special proof, but there are also higher amounts according to the needs of the minors.

The father’s department will pay – 30% – the rent for one child, 40% for two children and 50% – three or more

“Charity” foods are provided for needs that are not included as “essential” divided equally between father and mother. However, the mother will participate in children’s charitable activities for children over the age of 15, and after checking whether her personal needs will be considered an estimate and only then will she participate in the children’s food.

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